Department of Statistics Unitmark
Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences

Lights, Camera, Action! - Systematic Variation in Difference Gel Electrophoresis

Publication Date

March, 2004

Publication Type

Tech Report


Kimberly F. Sellers, Jeffrey Miecznikowski, Surya Viswanathan, Jonathan S. Minden and William F. Eddy


Two-dimensional Difference Gel Electrophoresis (DIGE) circumvents many of the problems associated with gel comparison via the traditional approach, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. DIGE's accuracy and precision, however, is compromised by the existence of other significant sources of systematic variation, including that caused by the apparatus used for imaging proteins (location of the camera and lighting units, background material, imperfections within that material, etc.). Through a series of experiments, we estimate some of these factors, and account for their effect on the DIGE experimental data, thus providing improved estimates of the true protein intensities. The model presented here includes classical, single-dye gel electrophoresis images.